About Sexual Assault
What is Sexual Misconduct?
- UNM defines Sexual Harrassment & Misconduct under University Policy 2740.
- Under University Policy, Sexual Violence refers to physical sexual acts perpetrated with force or coercion against a person’s will; or where a person has not given consent as defined in this policy or is unable to consent due to his or her use of alcohol or drugs, or disability, or age. Sexual Violence is a crime.
- Sexual misconduct incorporates a range of behaviors, including sexual assault, sexual harassment, intimate partner violence, stalking, voyeurism, and any other conduct of a sexual nature that is nonconsensual, or has the purpose or effect of threatening, intimidating, or coercing a person.
Who is affected?
Sexual Violence affects EVERYONE whether they are sexually active, practicing abstinence, single, dating, or in a committed relationship, regardless of race, sexual orientation, gender, socioeconomic status, age, or ability. However, certain groups experience Sexual Violence at different rates.
College aged individuals experience Sexual Violence at much higher rates:
- Women aged 18-24 are 3x more likely to be victims of sexual assault compared to all women. (rainn.org)
- Male students 18-24 are 78% more likely than non-students of the same age to be a victim of rape or sexual assault. (rainn.org)
- 21% of TGQN (transgender, genderqueer, nonconforming) college students have been sexually assaulted, compared to 18% of non-TGQN females, and 4% of non-TGQN males. (rainn.org)
- Individuals who identify asdisabled are three times more likely to experience sexual violence than persons who do not identify as disabled. Individuals who have multiple disabilities experience even higher rates of violence. (knowyourix.org)
Why is this so important?
The statistics regarding sexual misconduct and sexual violence are alarming. In addition to statistics previously mentioned, sexual misconduct is underreported and occurs at different rates on college campuses.
Rape is the most underreported crime
- ~65% of assaults go unreported (rainn.org)
- Of campus rapes, only 7% are reported to any school official, only 4% to law enforcement (BJS, Campus Climate Survey)
- False allegations are between 2% and 10% (nsvrc.org)
Sexual Violence May Also Occur at a Higher Rate at Certain Times of the Year on College Campuses.
- More than 50% of college sexual assaults occur in either August, September, October, or November. (rainn.org)
- Students are at an increased risk during the first few months of their first and second semesters in college. (rainn.org)
Sexual assault often leads to long-term issues, including mental health issues.
- There is at least a 50% likelihood that a woman will develop Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) after being raped. Sexual assault is also closely associated with depression and anxiety disorders. (ncdsv.org)
- Many long-lasting physical symptoms and illness have been associated with sexual victimization including chronic pelvic pain; premenstrual syndrome; gastrointestinal disorders; and a variety of chronic pain disorders including headache, back pain, and facial pain. (ncdsv.org)
Given that so many acts of sexual misconduct happen each year at college campuses throughout the United States, not to mention the long term effects on survivors, the UNM Community is working together to bring this pressing issue to light.